In America today, 62.8% of the population is white, and 12.2% is African American. Dense, urban cities tend to be more racially diverse than the country as a whole. In the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metro area, however, 67.4% of residents are white and 22.4% are African American.
Wealth is often divided along racial lines. Nationwide, the typical white household earns $61,394 a year. Meanwhile, the typical African American household earns just 59.5% of the median income for white households, or $36,544 a year. In Detroit, the typical African American household earns 52.0% of that of the typical white household, a greater income disparity than the nation as a whole and the fifth smallest racial income gap of any city in Michigan.
Similarly, while 10.4% of white residents in Detroit live below the poverty line, an estimated 31.6% of African American metro area residents do. Of all white households in the area, 5.7% earn $200,000 or more annually, compared to just 1.4% of African American households.
One reason for the racial income disparity in Detroit and across the country may be the divergence of education levels across racial groups. Nationwide, 34.2% of white Americans have at least a bachelor’s degree, while 20.2% of African Americans have similar educational attainment. In Detroit, the college attainment rate among white adults is 31.9%, while it is only 17.3% among African American adults.